The name of the pattern, the number of movements, and the diagrammatic symbol of each pattern symbolises either heroic figures in Korean history or instances relating to historic events.
...literally means “The Heaven, The Earth”. It is in the Orient interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history. Therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner.This pattern consists of two similar parts – one to represent the heaven and one to represent the earth. The pattern has 19 movements.
...is named after the Holy Dan Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333BC. The pattern has 21 movements.
... is the pseudonym of patriot Ahn Chang Ho (1876-1938) There are 24 Movements to represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its Independence Movement.
... was the noted monk, who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 AD. The pattern has 28 movements.
... is the pseudonym of the great philosopher and scholar Yi-I (1536-1584), nicknamed the “Confucious of Korea”. There are 38 movements to represent his birthplace on 38 Degrees Latitude and the pattern diagram represents “scholar”.
... is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun, who assassinated Hiro-Bumi-Ito, the first Japanese Governor-General of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part of the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements to represent Mr Ahn’s age when he was executed in Lui-Shung prison in 1910.
... is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th C), an authority on neo-Confucianism.There are 37 Movements refer to his birthplace on 37 Degrees latitude, and the pattern diagram represents “Scholar”.
... is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty, in the early 7th century.The pattern consists of 29 movements, which refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where TaeKwon-Do developed into maturity.
... was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolise his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king. The pattern consists of 30 movements.